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!st semester exam study guide

  1. Comparisons
    1. When you compare two things in Spanish the formulas are:
      1. (more ____ than) más + adj./noun + que

 

  1. (less _____ than)  menos + adj./noun + que
  2. To say someone is older, use the word ___________ with que
  3. To say someone is younger, use the word ___________ with que
  4. To say something is better, use the word ____________ with que
  5. To say something is worse, use the word ______________ with que
  6. Practice Sentences:
    1. I am older than my sister.  ________________________________________________
    2. The blanket is more expensive than the pillow ________________________________
    3. McDonald’s is worse than Wendy’s  ________________________________________
    4. Maria is taller than Ana.  _________________________________________________
    5. Your homework is harder than his homework .  ________________________________
    6. You are buffer than Carlos.  _______________________________________________
    7. She is happier than Fernando.  _____________________________________________
    8. They are weaker than the girls.  ____________________________________________
  7. DON’T FORGET TO STUDY ALL OF THE VOCABULARY THAT WENT ALONG WITH ADJECTIVES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR (buff, weak, strong, young, etc.)
  1. Ser vs. Estar
    1. Conjugate the verb ser below

 

 

 

 

  1. Conjugate the verb estar below

 

 

 

 

  1. Give three examples of when ‘ser’ would be used:  _________________________________________

 

  1. Give three examples of when ‘estar’ would be used:  ________________________________________

 

  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct conjugation of ser/estar:

 

  1. El cuaderno ____________________ en la mesa.
  2. Yo ____________________ cubano.
  3. Ellos ______________________ fuertes.
  4. La almohada ____________________ de algodon.
  5. Mis amigos ___________________ en el carro.
  6. El suelo ___________________ de madera y ________________ sucio.
  7. Yo no _______________ triste. 
  8. Los azulejos en la cocina _______________ rojos.
  9. Beatriz _________________ enfermera y _________________ enferma hoy.
  10. Mi familia y yo ____________________ contentos.
  11. El arbusto _________________ enfrente de la casa.

 

 

 

  1. Gustar and Verbs Like Gustar
    1. Write the definitions of the following verbs like gustar:
      1. Aburrir
      2. Fascinar
      3. Agradar
      4. Disgustar
      5. Caer bien
      6. Caer mal
      7. Interesar
      8. Tocar
      9. Faltar
    2. When verbs like gustar are used they must start out with an A + who is doing the action (A mi, A ti, A él, A Ana, etc.)
    3. Next you must have a pronoun.  The pronoun is based on who is doing the action.  Write the pronouns below:

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The next part of the formula is to conjugate the verb.  The verb can only go in the él or the ellos form.

 

  1. Write the following sentences:
    1. We are bored by movies.  ____________________________________
    2. You dislike homework.  ______________________________
    3. I am interested in cooking.  ____________________________
    4. Juan is fascinated with animals.  _________________________
    5. It’s my turn to sweep the floor.  __________________________
    6. My dog doesn’t like dog food.  ___________________________
    7. Isabel and Jose like to talk to old people.  _______________________________
    8. Channing Tatum movies bore me.  _____________________________.

 

  1. Direct Object Pronouns
    1. There are four direct object pronouns in Spanish.  List them below:

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Direct object pronouns go _________________________ or ________________________ in a sentence. 
  2. For each word below, write the direct object pronoun with which you would replace the noun.  Ex:  la ropa = la
    1. La computadora ______
    2. Los abanicos  ________
    3. Las bufandas  ________
    4. El suegro __________
    5. La nuera  __________
    6. Los cuadros  ________
    7. La regla
  3. Shorten each sentence below to include a DOP:
    1. Como el pan.  ___________________________
    2. Estudiamos el espanol.  ____________________
    3. Compras los zapatos.  ______________________
    4. Pides los refrescos.  __________________________
    5. El mesero da la cuenta.  _______________________
    6. Papa Noel entrega los regalos.  ____________________
  1. Tener Phrases
    1. Conjugate the verb tener in the space below:

 

 

 

 

  1. What do the following tener expressions mean:
    1. Tener sed
    2. Tener hambre
    3. Tener sueno
    4. Tener presion
    5. Tener prisa
    6. Tener suerte
    7. Tener frio
    8. Tener calor
    9. Tener exito
    10. Tener verguenza
    11. Tener razon
    12. Tener cuidado
    13. Tener miedo
  2. Fill in the blanks below with a logical tener phrase.  DON’T FORGET TO CONJUGATE!
    1. Son las once y media y Alberto no ha comido nada.  El ________________________.
    2. Yo gané cinco mil dolares en la loteria.  Yo ___________________________.
    3. Cuando llueve, debes _________________________ cuando manejes.
    4. En el invierno, normalmente las personas _____________________ y en el verano ellos ______________________
    5. Gloria solo durmió tres horas anoche. Hoy _________________________.
    6. A ella le distgustan las aranas.  Se puede decir que ella _______________________ de ellas.
  1. Miscellaneous
    1. Juan ______ sacó una foto a sus parientes
      1. La
      2. Se
      3. Lo
      4. Les
    2. Alejandro ______ envió el paquete a su tía
      1. La
      2. Las
      3. Se
      4. Le
    3. El chico tiene más libros ______ yo
      1. Como
      2. Tan
      3. Que
      4. De
  1. Reflexive Verbs
    1. Reflexive verbs are used when:

 

 

 

  1. A verb can be used non – reflexively when the subject of the sentence is performing the action on someone else!
  2. Write the reflexive pronouns below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Reflexive pronouns go ______________ a conjugated verb or _____________________ an infinitive.
  2. Write the sentences in Spanish:
    1. She brushes her hair.  ___________________________________
    2. She brushes her son’s hair.  _______________________________
    3. I twist my ankle.  _____________________________________
    4. She washed her grandma’s hands.  __________________________
    5. You break your wrist.  ____________________________________
    6. You break his wrist.  _____________________________________
  3. REMEMBER:  REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS CAN’T BE IN THE SAME SENTENCE!!!  Ex:  You can’t say – Me lavé mis manos.

 

  1. Impefect Verbs
    1. The –AR imperfect verb endings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The –ER/-IR imperfect verb endings:

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The 3 irregulars are _________________________________.  Conjugate them below:

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Write the imperfect verbs below with the correct verb in the imperfect:
    1. I used to sweep:
    2. You were coughing
    3. We used to go:
    4. The girls were watching tv
    5. I used to see:
    6. Were you running?
    7. Miguel used to swim
    8. They were sneezing:
    9. I liked:
    10. They lacked:

 

  1. Preterite Verbs
    1. The preterite verb endings for –AR verbs are:

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. True/False – I can stem change preterite –AR verbs?  _______________

 

  1. Fill in the blanks:

 

  1. You watered
  2. He walked
  3. They swam
  4. She sneezed
  5. We talked
  6. They played
  7. I folded
  8. You hung

 

  1. Ordinal Numbers
    1. MAKE SURE YOU KNOW HOW TO SAY 1ST – 10TH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Miscellaneous
    1. Para, después de, antes de ARE ALWAYS FOLLOWED BY ______________________
    2. Encuento el espanol _________ dificil que aleman.
      1. Menor
      2. Tan
      3. Más
      4. Tanto
    3. _______ dieron el regalo a Fernando
      1. se
      2. le
      3. la
      4. lo
    4. Enero es el _________ mes del ano
      1. Primer
      2. Primero
      3. Primera
      4. Primo